Ayodhya disputed land to be given for temple, separate plot for mosque

The judgment will be pronounced on a non-working day by a Constitution Bench headed by Chief Justice of India Ranjan Gogoi and comprising Justices SA Bobde, DY Chandrachud, Ashok Bhushan and S Abdul Nazeer.

Written by November 9, 2019 08:41

New Delhi: The Supreme Court, in an unanimous verdict today paved the way for the construction of a Ram Temple at the disputed site at Ayodhya. It also directed the Centre to allot an alternative five-acre plot to the Sunni Waqf Board for building a mosque at a prominent place in the holy town. In one of the most important judgments in history, a five-judge Constitution Bench headed by Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi put an end to the more than a century-old dispute.

The court in it’s over one-thousand-page verdict said the faith of the Hindus that Lord Ram was born at the demolished structure is undisputed. It ordered a trust should be formed within three months for the construction of the temple at the site.

AYODHYA VERDICT

Full Judgement Report | Read here- Ayodhya-Judgment.pdf

The bench, also comprising Justices S A Bobde, D Y Chandrachud, Ashok Bhushan and S Abdul Nazeer, said possession of the disputed 2.77 acre-land rights will be handed over to the deity Ram Lalla, who is one of the three litigants in the case. The possession, however, will remain with a Central Government Receiver. The historic verdict was pronounced on 14 appeals filed in the apex court against the 2010 Allahabad High Court judgment.

Chief Justice of India Rajnaj Gogoi, Justice SA Bobde, Justice Ashok Bhushan, Justice DY Chandrachud, and Justice Abdul Nazeer

The court said the Hindus have established their case that they were in possession of the outer courtyard and the Uttar Pradesh Sunni Central Waqf Board has failed to establish its case.

The court said the extensive nature of Hindus worshipping at the outer courtyard at the disputed site has been there and the evidence suggests the Muslims offered Friday prayers at the mosque which indicates that they had not lost possession of the site. It said that despite obstruction caused in offering prayers at Mosque, the evidence suggests that there was no abandonment in offering prayers.

The court further said the underlying structure below the disputed site at Ayodhya was not an Islamic structure, but the Archaeological Survey of India, ASI has not established whether a temple was demolished to build a mosque. It said that terming the archaeological evidence as merely an opinion would be a great disservice to the ASI.

ayodhya babri masjd

The court also said that the Hindus consider the disputed site as the birthplace of Lord Ram and even Muslims say this about that place. The bench said the existence of Sita Rasoi, Ram Chabutra and Bhandar grih are the testimony of the religious fact of the place. The court further said, however, that the title cannot be established on the ground of faith and belief and they are only indicators for deciding the dispute.

The Apex Court dismissed the appeal of the Shia Waqf Board in the case saying that the land belongs to the government as per revenue records.

Ayodhya Verdict: Highlights

# AIMPLB: We respect the judgment of the Supreme Court. There should be no protest and we should maintain peace and tranquility.

# Sunni Board: We will speak with our Senior Advocate Rajeev Dhavan and decide whether we will file a review petition or not. We are not satisfied with some aspects of the judgment. We will see the final judgment and decide the course of action.

# Zafaryab Jilani, Sunni Waqf Board Lawyer: We respect the judgement but we are not satisfied, we will decide further course of action

# Varun Kumar Sinha, Lawyer of Hindu Mahasabha: It is a historic judgement. With this judgement, the Supreme Court has given the message of unity in diversity.

# Group of lawyers raise Jai Sri Ram slogans in Supreme Court premises, they were later asked to stop by other lawyers

# SC : However, the right of Ram Lalla to the disputed property is subject to the maintenance of peace and law and order and tranquility. Government to take measures for maintaining peace and harmony and law and order

# SC : However, the right of Ram Lalla to the disputed property is subject to the maintenance of peace and law and order and tranquility. Government to take measures for maintaining peace and harmony and law and order

# SC orders that the disputed land must be given to Hindus. Centre to formulate a scheme within 3 months. Muslims must be given alternate land.

# Key Findings so far

1. SLP filed by Shia Wakf board is dismissed

2. Suit No. 3 filed by Nirmohi Akhara is barred by Limitation and dismissed

3. Ramjanmabhoomi is not a juristic person but Deity is

4. Claim of Adverse possession by parties dismissed

5. There is enough materials to prove the Babri Masjid was not constructed on a vacant land…There was a structure there… It was not an Islamic structure

# A suitable plot of 5 acres must be granted to Sunni Waqf Board to set up a Mosque. The disputed land at Ayodhya must be given to a Board of Trustees for construction of Ram Mandir. Centre to formulate scheme within 3 months.

# Hindus to get Ayodhya Land; Alternate land to be allowed for Muslims to balance the claim by both the communities : SC

# The suit by Ram Lalla, the deity, has been decreed. Suit by Sunni Waqf Board partly decreed by ordering that they should be given alternate site

# SC says relief must be granted to Sunni Waqf Board and Ram Lalla, the deity. Suits by these parties must be decreed : SC

# It is clearly established that while Muslims offered prayer inside the inner courtyard while the same was done by Hindus in the outer court yard: SC

# No evidence was led in the suit by Ram Lalla to support the contention that the existence of mosque above remains of temple would vest rights on the plaintiffs : SC

# Title over land cannot be decided on the basis of faith and belief, but as per law : SC

# Supreme Court: The mosque was not abandoned by the Muslims. Though the Hindus continued to worship at Ram Chabutra but they claimed ownership on Garbh Garha also.

# SC: The claim of Nirmohi Akhara is only of management. Nirmohi Akhara is not a ‘Shabait’. Arguments were made on archaeology report. Archaeological Survey of India’s credentials are beyond doubt and its findings can’t be neglected

# There is adequate material in ASI report to conclude the following:

  • Babri Masjid not constructed on vacant land. There was a structure underlying the disputed structure.
  • The underlying structure was not an Islamic structure, SC.

# The claim of Nirmohi Akhara is only of management. Nirmohi Akhara is not a Shabait, rules Supreme Court

# Suit 3 filed by Nirmohi Akhara is governed by Article 120 of Limitation Act and is barred by limitation, Supreme Court

# Bench now describing the Suits and the reliefs claimed

# This Court set up under Constitutional scheme should defer from interfering with faith and belief of worshippers. Secularism basic feature of the Constitution.

# “Court should preserve balance”, Supreme Court. “Mosque built by Mir Baqi on order of Babur”. “Idols were placed in the mosque in 1949”, Supreme Court

# Chief Justice of India Ranjan Gogoi: Babri mosque was built by Mir Baqi. It is inappropriate for the Court to get into area of theology

# Chief Justice of India Ranjan Gogoi: We have dismissed the Single Leave Petition(SLP) filed by Shia Waqf Board challenging the order of 1946 Faizabad Court

# Pronouncement of Judgment commences.

# Union Home Secretary Ajay Bhalla arrives at Home Minister Amit Shah’s residence for high level security meeting

# The doors of CJI Courtroom opened, crowd of lawyers and scribes have rushed in.

# All five Supreme Court judges who will deliver the verdict in Ayodhya land case have reached the Supreme Court

# Narendra Giri president of Akhil Bharatiya Akhara Parishad

# The country needs to maintain peace and harmony: Baba Ramdev On Ayodhya Verdict

# We all should abide by the verdict of the Supreme Court: Adhir Ranjan Choudhary,Leader of Congress in Lok Sabha

# Posting objectionable social media posts may invoke NSA, if required : UP DGP

UP DGP OP Singh.

# Huge crowd of lawyers and journalist gathered outside the Chief Justice courtroom in the Supreme Court

# Outside the CJI courtroom

Uttarakhand CM Trivendra Singh Rawat on  Ayodhya Verdict: I appeal to people of Uttarakhand to accept whatever verdict is given by the Supreme Court. No rumours or objectionable comments should be made on social media or other platforms that could adversely affect social harmony.

Chief Justice of India Ranjan Gogoi arrives at Supreme Court

Home Minister Amit Shah calls a high level security meeting at his residence. National Security Advisor (NSA) Ajit Doval, Intelligence Bureau (IB) Chief, Arvind Kumar, and other senior officials to attend the meeting.

Supreme Court: Lawyers gather outside Chief Justice of India Ranjan Gogoi’s court.

Bihar Chief Minister, Nitish Kumar on Ayodhya Verdict: Supreme Court’s verdict should be accepted by everyone, there should be no dispute over it. We appeal to everyone to not create a negative environment, cordiality should be maintained.

Ayodhya District Magistrate, Anuj Kumar Jha: Keeping the disputed site safe is our priority, we have made adequate arrangements for it, forces have been deployed in the city. Everything is normal in the city, we will keep an eye on negative elements.

Rajasthan: Internet services to be suspended for 24 hours in Jaipur Commissionerate, from 10 am today.

Rajasthan Government: Section 144 of CrPC (prohibits assembly of more than 4 people in an area) in Bundi; All schools to remain closed today.

ADG UP Police, Ashutosh Pandey in Ayodhya: 60 companies of paramilitary force, RPF and PAC and 1200 police constables, 250 Sub-inspectors, 20 Dy-SPs & 2 SPs deployed. Double layer barricading, public address system, 35 CCTVs&10 drones deployed for security surveillance.

Priyanka Gandhi Vadra on Twitter

List of Main Lawyers before the Supreme Court:

Rajeev Dhawan
Ejaz Maqbool
M.R. Shamshad
Shakil Ahmed Syed
Vishnu Shankar Jain
Ruchi Kohli
C.S. Vaidyanathan
K. Parasaran
Hari Shankar Jain
Zafaryab Jilani
Meenakshi Arora
Sushil Jain
Ranjit Kumar
P.S. Narasimha
P.N. Mishra
Vikas Singh

List of Main Parties before the Supreme Court:

Shia Central Waqf Board
Sunni Central Waqf Board
M. Siddiqui
Mahant Suresh Das
Bhagwan Ram Virajman
All India Hindu Mahasabha
Akhil Bharat Hindu Mahasabha
Nirmohi Akhara
Rajendra Singh
Misbahuddeen
Gopal Singh Visharad
Farooq Ahmed
Mohammed Hashim
Akhil Bharatiya Sri Ramjanmbhoomi
Param Hans Ram Chander Das
Maulana Mahfoozurahman

There is no question of any mishappening, be it the security of Supreme Court, High Court or the security of a VIP-VVIP, it cannot be breached.

Karnataka: Section 144 of CrPC (prohibits assembly of more than 4 people in an area) imposed and sale of liquor banned in the twin cities of Hubbli-Dharwad.

Delhi: Security personnel outside Supreme Court ahead of verdict in Ayodhya land case; Section 144 is imposed in the area

Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS) Chief Mohan Bhagwat to address the media at 1 pm today, following Supreme Court judgment in Ayodhya land case.

UP DGP: Paramilitary forces have been deployed in Ayodhya, aerial surveillance is being done. Intelligence machinery has been geared up, random checks are also taking place. An ADG rank officer has been deployed in Ayodhya to keep an eye on operations.

Security heightened in Ayodhya ahead of the verdict in Ayodhya land dispute case today; Section 144 (prohibits an assembly of more than 4 people in an area) has been imposed in the state of Uttar Pradesh.

Rajasthan: Section-144 of CrPC (prohibits assembly of more than 4 people in an area) imposed in Jaisalmer, till 30th November 2019, ahead of the Ayodha Verdict.

Mahant Satyendra Das, Chief Priest of the makeshift Ram temple in Ayodhya: I appeal to all to respect the Supreme Court verdict and maintain peace. Prime Minister has rightly said that the Ayodhya verdict will not be anyone’s loss or victory.

Punjab Chief Minister Captain Amarinder Singh reviews the State’s law and order situation, directs officers to remain on high alert.

Capt-Amarinder-Singh-ticks-off-Sidhu

News Broadcasters Association says ‘no visuals of either celebration or protests’ should be aired on TV channels

Whatever the decision ‘it will not be victory or defeat of anyone’: Narendra Modi