New Delhi: The United States just reported its first case of polio since 2013. An extensive campaign by medical professionals and public health officials to eradicate the disease has been halted by the recent increase in cases around the world.
Public health experts are increasing the alarm and, more significantly, advising people to get immunized as a result of the recent discovery of poliovirus in sewage samples from New York, London, and Israel.
The poliovirus can cause minor symptoms, but it can also result in severe instances that can result in death.
What you should know about the poliovirus is as follows:
Describe the poliovirus as follows:
The paralytic form of polio can truly be brought on by poliovirus and leave a person’s arms and legs permanently paralyzed. The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) state that this virus is very contagious and usually spreads when a person touches their mouth after coming into contact with the faeces of an infected person.
Two distinct strains of the virus—one of which is the naturally occurring wild poliovirus—cause outbreaks. A modified variant of the poliovirus used in some regions of the world’s oral polio vaccine, vaccine-derived poliovirus, can also be to blame for cases. This oral vaccine uses a live, weakened virus that is excreted in faeces by inoculated individuals. Health officials claim that the United States no longer provides that vaccination but instead utilizes a vaccine that doesn’t contain a live virus and protects about 99% of youngsters who are properly immunized.
What signs and symptoms point to poliovirus infection?
According to the CDC, the majority of those who catch the virus exhibit no symptoms (showing no symptoms). Conversely, only 25% of poliovirus infected individuals experience flu-like symptoms, compared to 70% of poliovirus infected individuals who show no symptoms. You may experience a sore throat, fever, nausea, vomiting, fatigue, and headache. These symptoms can continue for two to five days and typically go away on their own.
Who receives a polio vaccine?
The majority of Americans have received the polio vaccine, which is included in the CDC’s recommended child immunization regimen.
The polio vaccine should be administered to children four times, at four different developmental phases, according to the health authorities. Adults who have not yet received their vaccinations will receive three doses, according to the CDC. Adults who are more likely to come into contact with the virus should get a booster dose of the vaccine, such as those who work in a laboratory or healthcare facility or those who are travelling to a nation where the risk of catching the virus is higher.
Where in the United States has poliovirus been found?
According to health experts, poliovirus has been found in wastewater samples from 2 counties in New York State and from New York City, which suggests a local circulation, according to health experts. Health officials report that Rockland Country in the state of New York has one confirmed case of the poliovirus. According to the Global Polio Eradication Initiative, the Global Polio Laboratory Network verified samples from London’s wastewater, where the virus has been identified, are genetically linked to both the case in New York and recent wastewater samples from Israel.