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What is an STD and what are its causes and symptoms?

Trusted Source, such as during vaginal, oral, or anal sex, or through skin-to-skin contact with biological fluids.

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New Delhi: Popular belief, sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are not the same thing. A disease is preceded by an infection, which occurs when bacteria, viruses, or parasites attack the body. And whereas an infection may not cause any symptoms, a disease typically always has obvious symptoms. Now that you are aware of the differences between the two, let’s go over the several STD types that are currently recognised, their treatments, and—most importantly—prevention strategies.

When an STD first manifests as a symptomatic STI, you could initially notice:

  1. Discomfort while urinating or engaging in sexual activities
  2. Vaginal, penis, testicles, anus, buttocks, thighs, or mouth sores, pimples, or rashes
  3. Unexpected vaginal or penile bleeding or discharge
  4. Aching or enlarged testicles
  5. Itching in or near the genital area
  6. Unexpected bleeding or periods following sexual activity
  7. However, keep in mind that not all STIs cause symptoms.

Symptoms can differ if a STI develops into an STD. Some of these, such pain during sexual activity, pain while urination, and irregular or painful periods, might be similar to the aforementioned. However, additional symptoms can vary greatly depending on the STD. They may consist of:

  1. Fever
  2. Ongoing discomfort
  3. Fatigue
  4. Loss of memory
  5. Alterations in hearing or vision
  6. Nausea
  7. Slim down
  8. lumps or enlargements

Causes of underlying STDs:

An STI is the root of all STDs. Typically, these illnesses are spread through sexual contact. Trusted Source, such as during vaginal, oral, or anal sex, or through skin-to-skin contact with biological fluids. Some of them, especially if they are treated, never progress into diseases and even disappear on their own. However, a STI can develop into an STD if the bacteria that caused the infection end up harming body cells and impairing its activities.

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