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Cultural Marxism: A new way to distort the cultural roots

One of the core tenets of Cultural Marxism is cultural relativism, which suggests that no culture or moral system is inherently superior to another.

Cultural Marxism, an offshoot of Marxist theory, allegedly claims that it focuses on the influence of culture, arts, and institutions in (re)shaping the status-quo of the society. Cultural Marxism originated with Antonio Gramsci (1891-1937) and the Frankfurt School. Marxists knew the proletariat would not be a “revolutionary subject” in history. Thus, cultural leaders must destroy culture and morality for the revolution to succeed and convert the disoriented masses to Communism. It is often used as a catch-all phrase to describe a perceived infiltration of Marxist ideas into cultural institutions, i.e., academia, media and entertainment. The theory of cultural Marxism is a controversial concept that has gained attention in certain political and cultural circles. It is important to note that mainstream academic scholarship does not recognise this theory and is often criticized for various reasons. Critics argue that the theory of Cultural Marxism is largely a conspiracy theory without a solid academic foundation. They contend that it misrepresents and oversimplifies the work of Marxist theorists and ignores the nuanced and diverse field of cultural studies.

One of the significant effects of Cultural Marxism on Indian society is the undermining of cultural traditions. In the name of challenging traditional power structures, Cultural Marxists often dismiss or condemn cultural practices and customs without fully appreciating their historical, social, and religious significance. By prioritizing individual rights and identity politics over collective cultural values, Cultural Marxism promotes a fragmented society that loses its cohesive cultural fabric. Thus, in this modest attempt, the research aims to explore how cultural Marxism has extended its ideological roots in Indian society, examining its impact on politics, education, media, and the broader cultural landscape.

To understand the influence of Cultural Marxism in Indian society, it is crucial to examine the historical context in which it emerged. The colonial era played a significant role in introducing Western ideas and ideologies to India. The subsequent independence movement and the formation of a new Indian state provided fertile ground for the development and integration of Marxist thought into the fabric of Indian society. Cultural Marxists often rule by morally corrupting people. This requires mass media and public education to confuse and mislead. Cultural Marxists use hypocritical ethics to divide society morally. Since the idea of “dictatorship of the proletariat” failed, the new objective comes with a new idea, i.e., Left academicians/intellectuals have replaced the proletariat. India’s education system has not been immune to the influence of Cultural Marxism. Marxist ideas have found their way into academic institutions, particularly in social sciences and humanities departments. The focus on identity politics, social justice, and cultural relativism has been amplified, often overshadowing other perspectives and leading to the exclusion of alternative ideologies from academic discourse. The presence of Marxist scholars and the adoption of Marxist frameworks have distorted the way history, literature, and social sciences are taught in Indian classrooms.

cultural marxism

One of the core tenets of Cultural Marxism is cultural relativism, which suggests that no culture or moral system is inherently superior to another. While promoting cultural diversity is essential, the unchecked application of cultural relativism can erode traditional Indian values that have long served as the foundation of societal cohesion. This relativistic approach may undermine the principles of social harmony, respect for elders, and familial bonds that are deeply ingrained in Indian society. Traditional family structures have long been considered fundamental in Indian society, serving as the building blocks of social stability and support networks. However, Cultural Marxism’s critique of the nuclear family and traditional gender roles may undermine these values. The devaluation of traditional family structures and the promotion of alternative family arrangements may lead to social disintegration, affecting the well-being of individuals and communities.

The media and cultural production sectors in India have also experienced the imprint of Cultural Marxism. The concept of “cultural hegemony” has influenced media narratives, with an emphasis on highlighting the struggles of marginalized communities and challenging traditional power structures. Films, literature, and art have increasingly focused on themes of social inequality, discrimination, and the need for societal transformation. Such cultural productions reflect the influence of Cultural Marxism and its goal of reshaping society through cultural means. Critics have argued that Cultural Marxism overlooks individual agency, promotes victimhood culture, and stifles intellectual diversity. Others contend that it neglects the importance of cultural heritage, spirituality, and traditional values that are integral to Indian society.

Thus, the idea of Cultural Marxism has extended its ideological roots in Indian society through various channels, including politics, education, media, and cultural production. Its influence can be seen in the rise of leftist movements, the incorporation of Marxist thought in educational institutions, the emphasis on identity politics, and the reshaping of cultural narratives. As India progresses on its path to development and inclusivity, it must remain vigilant against the subtle threat of Cultural Marxism. Awakening the people to the implications of Cultural Marxism is essential for preserving our cultural heritage, social cohesion, and national identity. By promoting education, grassroots movements, and responsible media, we can foster a society that values critical thinking, unity in diversity, and a respect for national values. Together, we can combat the clandestine thoughts and actions of Cultural Marxism (where Intellectuals replace Proletariats) after understanding these dynamics, ensuring a vibrant and harmonious future for India.