Archer was named the Player of the Match in the second ODI against Australia as he scalped three wickets to help England defend a total of 231 to level the three-match series.
Josh Hazlewood took a miserly 3-26 from his maximum 10 overs that stifled England's pursuit of a target of 295 from the outset.
There has been widespread discussion among cricketing boards on how to reduce pressure points in the global cricket calendar in the future, ESPNCricinfo had reported.
Australia now leads the five-match series by 2-1 and will retain the series as they are the defending champions of the Ashes in England.The team will now play in the last Test of the series at The Oval in London from September 12.
Along with Nathan Lyon, Smith stitched a 74-run stand, which saw the right-handed Smith bringing up his century. Stuart Broad finally dismissed Smith, giving him a five-wicket haul and ending Australia's innings at 284
England and Australia have played 346 Tests against each other in which England has managed to win 108 matches whereas Australia has won 144 matches. 94 matches between these two sides have ended in a draw.
The matches will be played in the same format as bilateral series but with the added context of a competition and one champion team. The number of matches in each series can vary between a minimum of two matches, to a maximum of five matches.