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What is bipolar disorder and what are its symptoms and types?

The three primary forms of bipolar disorder are cyclothymia, bipolar I, and bipolar II.




New Delhi: Extreme mood swings are a defining feature of bipolar illness, a mental health condition. Manic depression and bipolar sickness are two earlier labels for bipolar disorder. The condition of bipolar disorder is not unusual. In fact, according to the National Institute of Mental Health, or 2.8 percent of American adults, there are 5 million, or 2.8 percent, of American adults who have been diagnosed with bipolar illness. Although there is no known cure for bipolar disease, there are numerous efficient treatments. You may learn to control mood swings with the use of these treatment choices, which will benefit both your symptoms and your quality of life.

Important signs include:

  1. Instances of mania or an incredibly heightened state of mind.
  2. Moodiness or depressive episodes

Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder: 

Mania, hypomania, and depression are the three primary signs and symptoms of bipolar disorder. Mania symptoms can interfere with your daily activities and cause issues at work or home. Major depressive episodes, or “down” moods, are another symptom of bipolar illness in some people.

Types of Bipolar Disorder:

The three primary forms of bipolar disorder are cyclothymia, bipolar I, and bipolar II.

1. Bipolar I:

At least one manic episode must occur for a person to be diagnosed with bipolar I. Before and after the manic period, you could encounter major depressive episodes or hypomanic episodes, which are less severe than manic episodes. Everyone who has this form of bipolar disorder is affected, regardless of gender.

2. Bipolar II:

Bipolar II patients go through one severe depressive episode that lasts for at least two weeks. Additionally, they experience at least one hypomanic episode every four days. This kind of bipolar disorder may be more prevalent among women, claims a 2017 review by Trusted Source.

3. Cyclothymia:

People with cyclothymia have episodes of hypomania and depression that are less severe than those caused by bipolar I or bipolar II disorder. Most people with this condition only experience no mood symptoms for 1 or 2 months at a time. Your doctor can explain more about what kind of bipolar disorder you have in more detail.